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CPP Colloquium: ‘Domestic Colonies in Europe’
17 October 2019 @ 15:15 - 17:00
The Center for Political Philosophy in Leiden is pleased to announce a talk by
Barbara Arneil (The University of British Columbia)
‘Domestic Colonies in Europe’
Date: Thursday, 17 October 2019
Time: 15:15-17:00, followed by drinks
Venue: Institute of Philosophy, Lecture Room 0.07, P.J.Veth Building, Nonnensteeg 1-3, Leiden
In this paper, I examine three important examples of 19 th century civil society organizations who saw themselves (rather than the state) as key to solving domestic social problems (petty crime, unemployment, poverty, vagrancy) produced by the urbanization and industrialization of major cities. Their solution was the creation of agrarian colonies within the borders of their own states. The first case study is the Dutch Benevolence Society, under the leadership of Johannes van den Bosch, the second is the Paternalism Society in France supported by Alexis de Tocqueville and finally, the English Salvation Army under the leadership of William Booth. The key was to segregate populations into country side colonies, engage them in agrarian labour on uncultivated soil, through which they and the land would be improved. Once trained to be industrious on the land, they were to return to society and become productive and morally rehabilitated citizens. The proponents of these kinds of ‘home colonies’ defended them as a more humane and economically sustainable alternative to state workhouses, and prisons. Such colonies are viewed by some as precursors to the 20 th century European welfare state. Currently the Dutch government is petitioning UNESCO to have van den Bosch’s Benevolence Colonies recognized as a world cultural heritage site because they view them to be the birthplace of the European welfare system. Ultimately I will argue this historical examination of philanthropists and civil society organizations seeking to solve poverty via non state colonies provide both a new way of thinking about the meaning of colonies and colonialism as well as a cautionary tale for contemporary actors seeking to create similar kinds of more humane solutions today. Creating such rural colonies beyond the gaze of society and the state for vulnerable populations often resulted in abuse as people within these colonies could act in the name of engineered improvement and with impunity.
About Barbara Arneil
Barbara Arneil (Ph.D, London) is interested in the areas of identity politics and the history of political thought. She has published a number of books including John Locke and America (OUP, 1996), Feminism and Politics (Blackwell,1999), and Diverse Communities: the Problem with Social Capital (CUP, 2006). She has published a co-edited book with Nancy Hirschmann on Disability and Political Theory (2016). Most recently she published a book entitled Domestic Colonies with OUP (2017), which won APSA’s 2018 David Easton Prize and CPSA’s 2018 C.B. MacPherson Prize and BCPSA’s 2018 Weller Prize for the best book in political theory from each organization. Previous scholarly recognition includes the Harrison Prize (UK PSA award for best article), Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship, the C.B. MacPherson Prize short list, and UBC Killam Research and Teaching Prizes. Barbara Arneil is currently President of the Canadian Political Science Association.
About the Center for Political Philosophy (CPP) Colloquia Series
The CPP is a collaboration between the Institute for Philosophy and the Institute for Political Science at Leiden University. Attendance of the Colloquia is free and there is no need to register. See https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/humanities/institute-for-philosophy/centre-for-political-philosophy for more information.
For further questions please contact Wouter Kalf at firstname.lastname@example.org.
All are welcome!
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